Grout can come sanded and unsanded, it can be epoxy or cement, thick or thin. How are you supposed to know what kind of grout you need? Read on to discover the different types of grout and their main uses.

Sanded and Unsanded

As the names suggest, all types of grout can come sanded or unsanded. Sanded grout can be finely sanded, or quarry-type, which is even coarser. Unsanded grout is used for tiles where the grout joint is less than 1/8 inch wide, such as wall tiles. Grout joints larger than 1/8 need to use sanded grout as the sand thickens the grout and resists shrinkage. Finely-sanded grout is recommended for joints between 1/8 and 3/8 inch, like floor tiles. Quarry-type grout is recommended for joints between 3/8 and 1/2 inch.

Epoxy Grout

Epoxy grout is made with an epoxy resin and a hardener. It is highly resistant to stains, abrasions, breakage, and chemicals making it ideal for countertops. Due to its low porosity, mildew, mold, and bacteria cannot get beneath the surface of epoxy grout. This grout’s resilience makes it easy to clean using vinegar, bleach, or grout cleaner mixtures. Epoxy has a consistent color and a low cost of maintenance. Downfalls of epoxy grout include its tendency to turn yellow when exposed to sunlight and it is a more costly grout choice.

Epoxy is recommended for quarry tile, ceramic, porcelain, and countertops.

Cement Grout

Cement grout has the most uses – indoor, outdoor, residential, commercial, dry, wet, and submerged areas. It is very easy to work with and can be used in any width joint. While cement sets up faster and costs less than epoxy, it also takes longer to cure. The cement grout can also be sealed to offer more protection. Downfalls of cement grout include that it may deteriorate when exposed to acid and alkali compounds, it can have an inconsistent color due to drying times, it is not highly stain or chemical resistant, and if not sealed it can allow water to seep in causing mildew, mold, and bacterial growth.

To clean cement grout first sweep the concrete surface, fill a bucket with hot water and a few squirts of dish soap, then scrub the stained area. For more stubborn stains combine white vinegar, table salt, and baking soda. Scrub the grout with this paste and let it sit before rinsing with a clean rag. For especially stubborn stains try borax powder and water, letting the paste sit before rinsing clean.

If you are looking for a certified and licensed flooring contractor in Foley, Alabama, or the surrounding area, contact W&W Flooring and Design. We provide a wide range of flooring services including flooring installation, flooring repair, and complete flooring replacement. Call us today at 251-970-5244 or visit Be sure to connect with us on Facebook and follow @WandWFlorring on Twitter!
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